This web page broadly identifies and describes the volcanic hazard that Oregon faces. It also highlights previous plans, assessment tools, and resources that have been developed to identify, profile, and assess the vulnerability and risk from volcanic events in Oregon.
Volcanic eruptions are most likely to occur in the Pacific Rim states, which include Oregon. Although most volcanic hazards are triggered by an eruption, some hazards can occur when a volcano is quiet, such as an earthquake. The danger area around a volcano covers approximately a 20-mile radius, although there is some danger to people within 100 miles or more. Airborne ash from a volcano can affect people hundreds of miles away from the eruption. The most common volcano-related hazards are ash (tephra), lahars, lava and debris flows, avalanches, and pyroclastic flows.
Oregon’s vulnerability to volcanic events varies statewide. The Cascade Mountains, which separate Western Oregon from Central Oregon, poses the greatest threat for volcanic activity. Those regions that include the Cascade Mountains are most vulnerable to the effects of a volcanic event. Within the State of Oregon, there are several volcanoes that may pose a threat of eruption; these include Mount Hood, which most recently erupted about 200 years ago, the Three Sisters, and Mt. Jefferson, which has not erupted for about 15,000 years, but is not considered to be extinct.
|VOLCANIC STATE RESOURCES:
||VOLCANIC INTERNET RESOURCES:
Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI)
The state’s risk assessment is divided into eight geographic regions to provide a locally appropriate analysis of risk. Included are: a regional profile and maps, event history, and an analysis of the probability of and vulnerability to future events. While the hazard assessments do not have sections to specifically cover the threat from dust storm events, some dust storm events are documented in the windstorm sections of these assessments.
The interactive viewer visually displays perceived vulnerability per hazard for each county in Oregon, which allows communities and the state to compare the vulnerability of hazards across regions.
Back to index
Oregon Partnership for Disaster Resilience
Community Service Center
University of Oregon
Last Updated 07/02/2007